The home foreclosure process is a process that allows a lender to recover money that was lost by a homeowner not paying back their debt by their lender. The bank recovers this money by taking repossession of the home. This process begins when the borrower defaults on their mortgage payments. There are only a few endings to foreclosure. Read: How to Avoid Foreclosure.
Either the borrower pays off their missed payments during pre-foreclosure, the borrower sells the house to a 3rd party, a 3rd party buys the property at an auction; or, the bank re-posesses the house and sells it on the market
Late & missing payments. The bank is going to take many attempts to handle it with the homeowner. If the homeowner does not cooperate, or ignores all of their phone calls, the next thing they’ll be doing is calling an attorney. This attorney is going to call the homeowner to try to resolve the problem. See: How to Keep Your Home.
If the homeowner still continues to ignore contact, the attorney is going to file a lawsuit, letting the public know that the home is pending foreclosure. The reason this is done is to prove that the owner has defaulted on the mortgage, that way they can get permission from the judge to continue the foreclosure process.
Pre-foreclosure. When a homeowner has missed three months worth of payments, and ignored the lawsuit letter, a notice-of-default letter will be mailed to them from their lender. This notice gives the homeowner instructions of what they have to pay to them, as well as the deadline that they have to pay it by. This deadline is not a joke. It must be paid by then. See: 8 Tips for Choosing a Foreclosure Attorney.
Auction. If the homeowner still hasn’t paid by pre-foreclosure, the property is going to be sold at an auction, which is held publicly. The lender will set a bid (usually a minimum) which equals the amount owed on the property, as well as any fees to the lender. Read: Find Local Foreclosure Attorneys.
Post-foreclosure. If a 3rd party didn’t purchase the house at the foreclosure auction, the lender is going to take ownership of it. At this point, the home is bank-owned property. These types of homes are either then listed on the open market by a real estate agent, or, the lender will sell the it in an auction house at a convention center.
The only way to exit foreclosure
Foreclosure can only end if the owner catches up on missed mortgage payments, they get a loan modification to lower their mortgage payments, the owner sells the property for less than what is owed on the loan (short sale), or, a deed in lieu of foreclosure